DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

0
IN 2017 MOTOR VEHICLE CRASHES
0
TEN-YEAR TOTAL
1000000
ANNUAL ECONOMIC COST OF MOTOR VEHICLE CRASHES

District of Columbia Rating: Good

The District of Columbia is significantly advanced towards adopting all of Advocates’ recommended optimal laws, as reported in the 2019 Roadmap Report.

Highway Safety Laws Needed

  • Booster Seat Law
  • GDL – Supervised Driving Requirement
  • GDL – Stronger Nighttime Restriction
  • GDL – Age 18 for Unrestricted License
  • GDL Cell Phone Restriction

Current Optimal Highway Safety Laws

  • Primary Enforcement Seat Belt Law (Front & Rear)
  • All Rider Motorcycle Helmet Law
  • GDL – Minimum Age 16 for Learner’s Permit
  • GDL – 6-Month Holding Period Provision
  • GDL – Passenger Restriction Provision
  • Child Endangerment Law
  • Rear Facing Through Age 2 Law
  • Open Container Law
  • All-Driver Text Messaging Restriction
  • IID for All Offenders

*States are credited with having laws only if their laws meet Advocates’ optimal criteria

Hot Now: Graduated Driver Licensing Laws

In 2017, 2 people were killed in crashes involving teen drivers in the District of Columbia.

The current GDL law in Alaska includes the following components:

  • A three-stage licensing system beginning at age 16 for learner’s permit, age 16 years and 6 months for the intermediate stage, and age 18 for full licensure
  • A mandatory 6 month holding period for the learner’s permit stage
  • A minimum of 40 hours of supervised practice driving during the learner’s permit stage, at least 10 of which must be at night
  • A prohibition on unsupervised nighttime driving between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. (Sunday – Thursday September through June) and 12:01 a.m. and 6 a.m. (weekends September through June and all days July through August) during the intermediate stage
  • A passenger restriction prohibiting all passengers during the first 6 months after licensure and prohibiting more than 2 passengers during the remainder of the intermediate stage
  • A prohibition on non-emergency use of hand-held cell phones for all drivers and use of hand-held and hands-free cell phones for drivers in the learner’s permit stage
  • A prohibition on texting while driving for all drivers

These changes are needed to improve Alabama’s GDL law and meet optimal GDL provisions:

  • Require a nighttime driving restriction for the entire intermediate stage through age 17
  • Strengthen the prohibition on non-emergency use of hands-free cell phones by extending the restriction through age 17

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