ALASKA

0
IN 2017 MOTOR VEHICLE CRASHES
0
TEN-YEAR TOTAL
1000000
ANNUAL ECONOMIC COST OF MOTOR VEHICLE CRASHES

Alaska Rating: Caution

Alaska needs improvement because of gaps in Advocates’ recommended optimal laws, as reported in the 2019 Roadmap Report.

Highway Safety Laws Needed

  • All-Rider Motorcycle Helmet Law
  • Rear Facing Through Age 2 Law
  • Booster Seat Law
  • GDL – Minimum Age 16 for Learner’s Permit
  • GDL- Stronger Supervised Driving Requirement
  • GDL – Stronger Nighttime Restriction Provision
  • GDL – Age 18 for Unrestricted License
  • Open Container Law
  • GDL Cell Phone Restriction

Current Optimal Highway Safety Laws

  • Primary Enforcement Seat Belt Law (Front)
  • Primary Enforcement Seat Belt Law (Rear)
  • GDL – 6-Month Holding Period Provision
  • GDL – Passenger Restriction
  • Ignition Interlock for all Offenders
  • Child Endangerment Law
  • All-Driver Text Messaging Restriction

*States are credited with having laws only if their laws meet Advocates’ optimal criteria

Hot Now: Graduated Driver Licensing Laws

In 2017, 5 people were killed in crashes involving young drivers in Alaska.

The current GDL law in Alaska includes the following components:

  • A three-stage licensing system beginning at age 14 for learner’s permit, age 16 for the intermediate stage, and age 16 years and 6 months for full licensure
  • A mandatory 6 month holding period for the learner’s permit stage
  • A minimum of 40 hours of supervised practice driving during the learner’s permit stage, at least 10 of which must be at night or in inclement weather
  • A prohibition on unsupervised nighttime driving between 1 a.m. and 5 a.m. during the intermediate stage
  • A passenger restriction prohibiting driving with any passengers younger than 21
  • A prohibition on texting while driving for drivers of all ages

These changes are needed to improve Alaska’s GDL law and meet optimal GDL provisions:

  • Require age 16 for entry into the learner’s permit stage
  • Extend restrictions on teen drivers through age 17
  • Strengthen the nighttime restriction provisions
  • Add a prohibition on non-emergency use of hand-held and hands-free cell phones during the learner’s permit and intermediate stages

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