MICHIGAN

0
IN 2017 MOTOR VEHICLE CRASHES
0
TEN-YEAR TOTAL
1000000
ANNUAL ECONOMIC COST OF MOTOR VEHICLE CRASHES

Michigan Rating: Caution

Michigan needs improvement because of gaps in Advocates’ recommended optimal laws, as reported in the 2019 Roadmap Report.

Highway Safety Laws Needed

  • Primary Enforcement Seatbelt Law (Rear)
  • All-Rider Motorcycle Helmet Law
  • Rear Facing Through Age 2 Law
  • 
GDL – Minimum Age 16 for Learner’s Permit
  • GDL – Age 18 for Unrestricted License
  • Ignition Interlock Law for All Offenders

Current Optimal Highway Safety Laws

  • Primary Enforcement Seat Belt Law (Front)
  • Booster Seat Law
  • GDL – 6-Month Holding Period Provision
  • GDL –  Supervised Driving Requirement
  • GDL – Nighttime Driving Restriction
  • GDL – Passenger Restriction Provision
  • GDL – Cell Phone Restriction
  • Child Endangerment Law
  • Open Container Law
  • 
All-Driver Text Messaging Restriction

*States are credited with having laws only if their laws meet Advocates’ optimal criteria

Hot Now: Graduated Driver Licensing Laws

In 2017, 132 people were killed in crashes involving teen drivers in Michigan.

The current GDL law in Michigan includes the following components:

  • A three-stage licensing system beginning at age 14 years and 9 months for learner’s permit, age 16 for the intermediate stage, and age 17 for full licensure
  • A mandatory 6 month holding period for the learner’s permit stage
  • A minimum of 50 hours of supervised practice driving during the learner’s permit stage, at least 10 of which must be at night
  • A prohibition on nighttime driving between 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. during the intermediate stage
  • A passenger restriction prohibiting more than one non-familial passenger under the age of 21 unless a licensed driver over the age of 21 is in the vehicle, until age 17
  • A prohibition on texting while driving for all drivers

These changes are needed to improve Michigan’s GDL law and meet optimal GDL provisions

  • Require age 16 for entry into the learner’s permit stage
  • Extend restrictions on teen drivers through age 17

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